How to say dates (years, months, 'on this day') in Polish! Table of contents
- Polish dates - introduction
- Ktory - Dzisaj Jest ... - Today is...
- Kiedy - Full date (e.g. 1st Jan 1991)
- W... ( 'in' - such as 'in Jan 1991' or 'in 2018' )
- Jak Długo? Od... Do... (how long? from... to)
- A note on how Polish People write dates (and months) with roman numerals
- Polish Months in Nominative and Genitive
Saying the date (or related sentences like 'today is...', 'on...') is quite straightforward if you remember some simple rules. You have to know your Genitive case (and maybe Locative case, as well as Nominative case)
Dzisaj jest... means 'today is...'.
The correct format for saying this is:
Ok, so now for an actual explanation.
The month this is in Genitive. Genitive form for janurary in Polish is stycznia
The day - Genitive ordinal number. This ends with -ego for example szesnastego (16th)
The month also in Genitive, for example marca. See the table at the bottom of this page for a list of months + genitive version of them.
Month: Locative - unlike the other examples (which use Genitive for the mont) this uses the locative case for the months.
Please remember that this is not the same as the year format from above!
To say how long you have two ways of doing it:
|od||1st April||2017||do||30th May||2019|
Day - genitive ordinal
Month - genitive (see bottom of this page for a table with month names in genitive case)
Year - see section below on how to generate the year
It is very common in Poland to see dates written like "11 XI 1918" (11th November 1918). They use roman numerals for months.
Sometimes you may see br. which means the current year.
bm. stands for the current month